|Cause of Death||Age||Burial Location||President Grave #|
|Consumption; Drospy||78||Nashville, Tennessee||31st in my collection|
* Born in 1767 somewhere in the Carolinas, Andrew Jackson's life was largely influenced by the War for Independence. Not only had British soldiers invaded his family's farm, but his eldest brother died near Charleston, South Carolina as the Battle of Stono Ferry raged on around him. When Jackson himself began to take part in the war, he and his other brother were taken prisoner. One of their British captors then ordered Jackson to clean his boots, and the hot-tempered boy refused. In retaliation, the soldier took his sword and slashed Jackson in the hand and forehead, leaving him with sizeable scars. While in captivity, both Robert and Andrew Jackson contracted smallpox. Eventually, the youths were turned over to their mother, who had negotiated their release. However, it was not soon enough, as Robert Jackson succumbed to the disease shortly after. Andrew Jackson survived, although his bout with smallpox left him with even more scars. It was not long before his mother, who volunteered to take care of some cholera-ridden prisoners on a nearby ship, contracted the disease and passed away herself. Because his father had passed away before he was even born, Jackson was left parentless and the first orphan to become president of the United States.
* Though he had been involved in politics before, there is no doubt that Jackson won the presidency because of his military triumphs. His most famous one, of course, was the Battle of New Orleans. It was January of 1815, and the War of 1812 had been underway for two and a half years. General Andrew Jackson and his men were in New Orleans, and were intent on keeping the city out of Britain's clutches. In a brilliant strategical move, Jackson had a barrier constructed of mud and cotton bales in addition to a series of trenches in front of the rampart. Under these conditions, the British did not stand a chance, and they were easily picked off by Jackson's men. At the end of the half hour battle, the redcoats had suffered 2,042 casualties, which included 291 fatalities, while their opponents had just seventy-one casualties and needed to bury only thirteen soldiers. It was an undeniable victory for the United States, and was one of the most important battles in our nation's history, despite the fact that it had no effect on the outcome of the war. Neither the Americans nor the British in New Orleans knew at the time that the peace treaty had been signed several weeks prior. Because the document was signed overseas in Belgium, it took very long for news of the treaty to reach the U.S., while the details of Jackson's victory spread like wildfire across the country. When it finally reached America that a peace treaty had been signed, people thought that it was General Jackson's victory that won the war, and they began to call him the "second George Washington".
* Old Hickory holds the distinction of being the first president to be the target of an assassination attempt. As the president was departing the Capitol (where he was attending the funeral of a congressman), a demented Englishman named Richard Lawrence stepped out from behind a pillar and pointed a pistol at him. Lawrence was so close to Jackson that there was no possibility of him not being hit. Miraculously, the deranged man's weapon misfired. Jackson was not out of danger, however, as Lawrence had on his person another pistol. Unbelievably, the second gun misfired as well. Taking advantage of the opportunity, bystanders subdued the would-be assassin. An enraged President Jackson also took part in Lawrence's capture, striking him with his walking stick numerous times. Jackson was very lucky to even have the chance to attack his assailant, as experts say that the odds of two pistols misfiring consecutively are 1 in 125,000.
First Lady: Emily Tennessee Donelson (1829-1836)
Sarah Yorke Jackson (1836-1837)
- Spouse: Rachel Donelson Robards Jackson (m. 1794-1828)
Political Party: Democratic-Republican Party
Vice President: John Caldwell Calhoun (1829-1832)
Martin Van Buren (1833-1837)
Last Words: "Oh do not cry. Be good children, and we shall all meet in