Boston Massacre Victims
Burial Location Visited
Boston, Massachusetts July 6, 2007


On March 5, 1770, five colonists                                                               Paul Revere, who is also interred
were shot down by British soldiers.                                                           in the graveyard, made a well-
Their remains were buried in the                                                              known engraving of the horrific
Granary Burying Ground in Boston.                                                           incident.


The victims are interred right beside patriot                                Massachusetts' old state house, which is
Samuel Adams. He is one of three signatories                             nearby, was the site of the massacre.
of the Declaration of Independence buried
in Granary.

                                       *** Interesting Facts ***

* In early March of 1770, an angry colonist began taunting a British soldier stationed at the Customs House in Boston. The man left, but returned after with several companions and several drunk colonists. Before anyone knew it, the whole affair had turned into a violent protest. Fearing the protestors would take their lives, the soldiers fired into the crowd, injuring eleven people. Three of them, Crispus Attucks, Samuel Gray, and James Caldwell, were instantly killed. A 17-year-old named Samuel Maverick and Patrick Carr, an immigrant from Ireland, died of their wounds after. The other six injured survived.

* Crispus Attucks, a runaway slave and the first killed in the massacre, is considered by many to be the first person to die for the cause of American freedom. Buried in the same plot is Christopher Snider, a twelve-year-old who was killed by a customs officer in a protest a few weeks before. Others regard him as the first person to give his life for independence.

* After the massacre, mourners brought Attucks' body to Faneuil Hall, where it lay in state for several days until his burial in the Granary Burying Ground.

* When creating the famous engraving of the event, Paul Revere exaggerated most of the facts. The colonists are depicted as helpless bystanders, while in fact they were the instigators of the event and were armed with clubs, broken bottles, and chunks of ice. Also, the commander of the troops, Captain Preston, is shown ordering the soldiers to fire, when he actually did not. It was the colonists that shouted at the troops, daring them to fire.

* Several weeks later, when the soldiers were put on trial, they were defended by John Adams. Using his wit, Adams was able to save the British soldiers from being convicted of murder. At the end of the trial, six of the soldiers were declared innocent, while two others were found guilty of manslaughter. For punishment, the two soldiers had their thumbs branded.
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