Clarissa Harlowe Barton
Burial Location Visited
Oxford, Massachusetts September 13, 2009


This sign is located in front of Oxford's North                              Clara's unique individual marker is right 
Cemetery, where Clara Barton and her family                              beside her family's wider, shorter marker.
are interred.


Barton was the founder of the                                                   The epitaph for Ms. Barton on the front of
American Red Cross, thus its                                                     the Barton family marker.
symbol adorns her resting spot.

                                       *** Interesting Facts ***

* The "Angel of the Battlefield" treated her first patient at the age of eleven. Her brother David fell from the top of a barn and was injured. For two years, she helped nurse her brother back to health. This event sparked an interest in Clara and would eventually help cement her place in history.

* Throughout the American Civil War, Clara Barton served as an army nurse. She tended to wounded soldiers and comforted the dying. She brought supplies to the front lines during some of the war's most gruesome battles, such as the First Battle of Bull Run, Antietam, Fredericksburg, and the Siege of Petersburg.

* During the Battle of Antietam, Barton ran into a distraught army surgeon. Night was fast approaching, the doctor explained, and he was not properly supplied with lanterns. Most of the wounded would die, because he and his colleagues could not attend to them in the pitch-black night. Luckily, Clara had anticipated such a situation, and had brought with her several dozen lanterns. Because of this act, many of those wounded soldiers survived the battle.

* As the Civil War came to a close, Barton was given the task of looking for and locating missing Union soldiers. While at first this seemed a difficult task, the weight of the burden was taken off of her shoulders when she met a former soldier named Dorence Atwater. During the war, Atwater was an imprisoned Union soldier and was kept in a prison in Andersonville, Georgia. While he was imprisoned, the Confederates used him as a clerk and made him write down all information about the dead soldiers that they had to deal with. Atwater had a fear that the families of the deceased would never see the list, so he secretly made a copy for himself. With this list, Atwater and Barton were able to identify the graves of over 13,000 soldiers.

* Barton helped found the American branch of the Red Cross in 1881. She was the president of the organization until she retired in May of 1904 at the age of 82.

Spouse: None

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