|Cause of Death||Age||Burial Location||President Grave #|
|Cerebral hemorrhage||63||Hyde Park, New York||12th in my collection|
* After passing the bar, Roosevelt landed a position with a law firm in New York City. Not content, he decided to run for public office. He was elected a New York state senator in November of 1910 and took office the following January. In 1912, Woodrow Wilson, who was running for president against the incumbent William Howard Taft and Franklin's fifth cousin, former president Theodore Roosevelt, received the up-and-coming politician's support. When Wilson emerged victorious, he offered the young Roosevelt the post of assistant secretary of the navy. He accepted, and was instrumental in helping the U.S. Navy bulk up in preparation for World War I. Though he was defeated in a bid for a Senate seat in 1914, the Democrats made him their vice presidential nominee in 1920. He ran alongside popular Ohio Governor James Cox, but the Cox-Roosevelt ticket came up short, and Warren Harding and his running mate, Calvin Coolidge, were awarded the presidency and the vice presidency, respectively.
* In 1921, Franklin Delano Roosevelt became stricken by what is believed to be poliomyelitis, which can sometimes leave a person paralyzed or leave their limbs atrophied. Roosevelt never recovered the use of his legs, and was confined to a wheelchair. FDR feared that voters would never elect a man they viewed as a cripple, so he only used his wheelchair in private. In public, he used crutches or was supported by one of his sons. When he made speeches, he used heavy metal leg braces that allowed him to stand. Roosevelt almost never used hand gestures during speeches that he was standing for, as he used his hands to grip the podium in order to support himself. Never suspecting a thing, the public elected him governor and eventually to the highest office in the land. His condition did not become publicly known until after his passing.
* From 1929 to 1932, Roosevelt served as the governor of New York. Having impressed those around him with his methods of combatting the Great Depression, the Democratic Party made them their presidential nominee in 1932. For his running mate, he chose longtime member of the House of Representatives John "Cactus Jack" Garner. Roosevelt easily overtook Herbert Hoover and was elected the country's 32nd president. After his inauguration, Roosevelt quickly went to work, meeting with Congress and discussing how to fix the economy. Quickly passed were the Emergency Banking Act and the Economy Act, which gave the government more power needed to help fix problems within the banking system and reduced the salaries and pensions of government workers. That money was then sent out to different states so they could distribute it among their unemployed citizens. The series of acts presented by the president and approved by Congress became known as the New Deal, and revolved around relief, recovery, and reform. Though the New Deal did not completely remove the United States from the Great Depression, it did help somewhat, and earned President Roosevelt a great deal of respect.
* Popular throughout the country, Roosevelt was elected to a second term in 1936. Four years later, he did what no other president had been able to accomplish. On November 5, 1940, Roosevelt was re-elected, becoming the first person in history to win a third term as president of the United States. Little over a year later, Roosevelt would be delivering what would be his most renowned speech to Congress. The day before, December 7, 1941, saw the attack of the United States' naval base in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii at the hands of Japanese aircraft. Calling December 7th "a date which will live in infamy", Roosevelt encouraged Congress to enter World War II, which had been waging in Europe since 1939. Congress approved, and Roosevelt signed the declaration of war. For the next four years, the United States and the Allies battled the Axis powers in one of history's most brutal conflicts. The Second World War finally came to an end on September 2, 1945 when Japan signed the surrender papers aboard the USS Missouri. President Roosevelt had succumbed to a cerebral hemorrhage 143 days prior.
First Lady: Anna Eleanor Roosevelt
- Spouse: Anna Eleanor Roosevelt (m. 1905-1945)
Political Party: Democratic Party
Vice President: John Nance Garner IV (1933-1941)
Henry Agard Wallace (1941-1945)
Harry S. Truman (1945)
Last Words: "I have a terrific headache."