|Cause of Death||Age||Burial Location||President Grave #|
|Infection of gunshot wound||49||Cleveland, Ohio||22nd in my collection|
* James Garfield's presidency was one of America's shortest. Unfortunately for him, he had crossed a man named Charles Guiteau. A deranged man who thought that Garfield's victory was his doing, Guiteau went to the Executive Mansion and requested that he be made the ambassador to France in return. The man's request was not fulfilled, and Guiteau decided to act more aggressively to get his desired post. He began sending numerous letters to Garfield and could often be found in Lafayette park across the White House, wandering inside the White House, or pestering presidential cabinet members. At one point, Guiteau had enough. Purchasing a revolver, he waited for Garfield at the Baltimore and Potomac Railroad Station, where the president was to take a train down to see his ill wife in New Jersey. Once the president entered the building, Guiteau took his weapon and shot him twice. One bullet grazed Garfield's arm, while the other struck the president's back, never exiting his body.
* Though the injury to James Garfield's back was not necessarily fatal, his hope of recovery was killed by his doctors. They probed his bullet-torn back with unsterile hands, infecting the president's wound. Many times the doctors tried, and many times they failed, to locate the bullet. Alexander Graham Bell was enlisted to help, bringing with him a type of metal detector to find the projectile. However, this attempt was not successful because the machine was affected by the metal springs in the president’s mattress. Doctors failed to move Garfield to a different spot, and Bell left. The president lingered in agony for two and a half months until he passed away on September 19, 1881.
First Lady: Lucretia Rudolph Garfield
- Spouse: Lucretia Rudolph Garfield (m. 1858-1881)
Political Party: Republican Party
Vice President: Chester Alan Arthur
Last Words: "Oh, Swaim, there is a pain here. Oh, Swaim!"