|Cause of Death
Samuel Adams, one of Massachusetts' leading "Here lies buried Samuel Adams. Signer of
patriots, is buried underneath this stone in the Declaration of Independence.
Boston. Governor of this commonwealth. A leader
of men and an ardent patriot. Born 1722.
*** Interesting Facts ***
* Immensely popular in his lifetime, the name of Samuel Adams remains one of those most associated with the patriot cause. He was welcomed by Mary and Samuel Adams, Sr. on September 16, 1722 O.S. in the city of Boston. Like many well-off youngsters of the day, Adams attended Boston Latin School before enrolling at Harvard College. Adams graduated from the latter establishment in 1740 when he was 18 years of age. However, he continued on to earn his master's degree, which he did in 1743. Adams then began to study law, as his father had intended, but his mother persuaded him to give that up. He was able to secure himself a position as the clerk in a counting house that belonged to a man named Thomas Cushing. The young Adams was not destined for a long life in the mercantile business, however, as Cushing soon relieved Adams of his duties. After he and a friend squandered a £1,000 loan from Adams, Sr., the Bostonian went to work at his father's brewery, which, in time, was run into the ground.
* As early as 1748, Sam Adams was voicing his opinions about the government. In that year, he and some of his friends launched a newspaper titled the Independent Advertiser, in which Adams published many of his political essays. Though the Advertiser lasted for only a year, the fiery Adams continued to speak his mind about the goings-on in the colonies. In 1756, he was appointed tax collector, his second political post (he had been a clerk in the Boston Market). However, as would be expected of Adams, he did not collect any money from the citizens of Boston. Years later, in 1766, he was made a member of the Massachusetts House of Representatives.
* Several "tyrannous" laws that were passed in the years that followed, such as the Sugar Act, the Stamp Act, and the Townshend Acts immensely angered colonists such as Sam Adams. Adding to the frustration, Boston was placed under the occupation of British troops, which led to the infamous Boston Massacre in 1770. In 1773, a group of radical political activists called the Sons of Liberty (of which Sam Adams was a leader) conducted the Boston Tea Party. In response to the unpopular Tea Act that was passed in that year, enraged Boston citizens boarded three British vessels sitting in the harbor and flung 342 crates of tea overboard. Though many people today identify Adams with this famous incident, the extent of his involvement (if there was any) is unknown. However, he did his part in publicizing it, making it one of the most famous events in America's history pre-revolution.
* After several more blows to both sides, Adams and others decided that it was time to act. In 1774, he was chosen to be one of many men sent to the First Continental Congress in Philadelphia. Delegates in the Congress represented all but one of the colonies, the notable exception being Georgia. While he was there, Adams supported and promoted unity among the colonies. He was also selected to attend the Second Continental Congress, which convened the following May. Serving until 1781, Adams was one of the body's biggest supporters for independence from Britain. As such, he voted for and signed the Declaration of Independence in the Summer of 1776.
* Following the adoption of the Declaration of Independence, Samuel Adams went to work helping Massachusetts and the other colonies in other ways. He assisted in drafting the Articles of Confederation and greatly urged Massachusetts to ratify it, which it did. Also, he, along with James Bowdoin and John Adams, drafted his colony's constitution, which was ratified in 1780. He also spent some time as the president of the Massachusetts senate. Later in the decade, after the completion of the U.S. Constitution, Adams made his displeasure with the document known. However, after it was agreed that several amendments would be added at a later date, Adams began to support it. After serving as both the lieutenant governor and governor of Massachusetts, the old statesman stepped away from politics in 1797. He passed away in 1803 at the age of 81.
Spouse: Elizabeth Checkley Adams (1725-1757)
Elizabeth Wells Adams (1736-1808)
Political Party: Democratic-Republican Party
Last Words: Unknown